Old days :
The fishes of the Cichlid family was previously known as Boulenger in 1897.
These fishes are native of Lake Malawi in Africa.
Between Jalo Reef and Crocodile Rocks was the habitat of these. This area was made Monkey Bay, where they come in search of food. Algae found in this area is a rich source of protein for them.
The male fishes are larger than females. The body is shaped such that to provide extra speed and power to them. Their face is shaped so that the can easily get algae. Female juveniles are more colorful than males.
The body is of yellow colored with stripes. Fin has the same color as the body. The back of the fish is black, white and yellow the same as the color of Pelvic. The caudal din is also yellow.
The 5cm young males are black colored with some white colored design. The caudal fin is also black.
As discussed earlier female are more colorful than males but males are big in size with some yellow colored eggs on the back fin.
Robust, are very violent and intolerant as they cannot face anyone who looks like them. It is considered as a killer. For keeping them, specific tanks are to be used like more than 1000 liters as they are very violent and do not support any other alike near them. In comparison, female are opposite and can live better with others. Females live in clusters as the male harasses them.
In order to make them live in better condition, it is suggested to use a minimum 500 liters tank. In 500 liters, one male and 3-4 female can live in freestyle.
The tanks are to be decorated with rocks from their natural habitat. This enables the species to live freely and special territory should be made for the males where they may take refuge.
There should be a proper system to filter the tank water. The pump is recommended for this purpose that is responsible for aeration and mixing of water. Blue foam loaves are usually used.
The water of Tank:
For them to live with their full power, it is highly needed to maintain the environment in an aquarium as it is the Lake of Malawi. For making water according to the lake of Malawi the pH of it is to be kept above 7.5 and the temperature to be maintained between 24-26°C. the water is also needed to be changed frequently for the proper maintenance of nitrate. Appropriate sunlight is also needed for the production of algae the is consumed by them.
During the incubation period, the female does not eat. Males attract the females to their territory where she can lay eggs and keep in her mouth for 3 weeks of incubation. So it is highly advised to shift the female to appropriate tank at the time of incubation. There is no chance for Melanochromis auratus in a community. Melanochromis do not form a permanent pair.
First, it advised to not to feed the fished too much. A vegetable diet is recommended or sometimes beef. But fats in beef can sometimes be dangerous as they can be accumulated in the liver. A homemade diet with chopped muscle and fish meat along with peas and packed in portions and then freeze are highly beneficial. Multivitamins solution can also be included in diet 4-5 time a fortnightly is also good.
So for the full characteristics of Auratus Cichlid fish the vegetable diet, temperature of water between 24-26°C and pH bit above 7.5 is recommended. When the male becomes aggressive towards the female in incubation period it is advised to remove one to them.
The one who wants to keep fishes in the aquarium has to consider some really important points. Not all fishes can live in an aquarium and some cannot live alone. It is not easy to classify among the different kind of fishes. Here is a list 20 best freshwater fishes that can be put in an aquarium
Killifishes have the ability to live in different kind of water environments. These fishes can live with other fishes and are not vulnerable to predators. These fishes have a variety of colors.
These fishes have the ability to live in any kind of water. Combinations of big and small fishes are always good to see. These fishes are ideal for these combinations.
These are not for small aquariums but are for large and medium-sized aquariums. These fishes can survive with other fishes. The fishes fished are around 12cm long and are colorful.
These fishes help to clean the aquarium because they clean the remains of food from the aquarium. These fishes can live in any size of aquarium.
These fishes have the almost the same behavior as catfish as they live in the bottom of the tank. These fishes can live is any kind of water. These fishes are smaller than catfish.
These fishes are omnivorous. These fishes survive on the remains of other fishes. So, this behavior makes them unique from others and one cannot keep other fishes with them.
These are the most popular, common and abundant fishes for aquarium fishes. There is no particular rule for these fishes to survive.
Algae fishes are lives on Algae. These fishes are known for keeping the walls of aquarium clean. These are best for keeping an the aquarium.
These fishes are known to be best for aquarium life as they are non-violent and can live with other fishes in any kind of water. These fishes have the max size of 25cm.
These fishes can live in any environment but the only problem with it is that they are not friendly with other fishes. So, it is not easy to keep these fishes with others in an aquarium.
Toxoids can live with others. Toxoids don’t even bother the company they have. These fishes survive on the insects flying above the water of the aquarium. These fishes have a special organ by which they spit water on the insects to capture them.
Globefish/ Balloon Fish:
These fishes have different reactions to the new environment. These fishes are known to be the most poisonous fishes on earth. They can be aggressive but can still survive to live with other species.
There is a lot of variety in these fishes. These fishes live by eating plants. They have a bad reputation for piranhas. If the fishes are well fed they can be a problem for nearby fishes in thank
Females are generally known to be more colorful than males but in these fishes it is opposite. The males are more colorful than the female. There is no need for special care for these fishes. The male becomes brighter if the water is a bit warm.
As rainbow makes sky beautiful these fishes make aquarium beautiful as they are colorful. When there is a proper light these fishes are very attractive.
Yellow Perch fish:
These fishes are known to be the best for aquarium life as these fishes can survive in very low oxygen. So these fishes are best for beginners.
As the name indicates these fishes are the most peaceful fishes. They can easily live and survive with different fish species.
Bala shark/Silver shark:
These fishes resemble carp. But there is a difference between the two. One’s skeletal structure is different from others.
These fishes are good but difficult to maintain. These fishes have ax blade shape and live at the top of the water in an aquarium.
With a good diet, these fishes can grow up to 30cm. these fishes can adapt to almost all environment. So, these fishes can survive with the company in aquarium.