• Some Tips to Avoid The Problem of Makeup Melt

    Many of us who go out regularly or do make up for a long period of time often face problems. That is, she got out of the house, took a little heat and took a nasty face. It is hard to find anyone who has not been in such a rush and because of the humidity in our country during the summer; there is a lot of sweat in the heat, which is one of the reasons for the makeup being thawed or soaking for a while. Another problem is that the face looks grayish or grayish shortly after makeup. This makeup is called oxidized. The number of people who have not been read in such a condition is not small. Today’s article is about what can be done to avoid these.

    First, let’s look at the problem of makeup melt. The makeup of our country is very easy to melt. You can understand how to do base makeup every day or during any day of the day will not make your makeup easily, just apply these tips below.

    There are some tips to avoid the problem of makeup melt:

    • Rub a piece of ice in the mouth before starting the mouth base. This will help to control excess oil secretion in the face. If you want to scrub before rubbing it will cut off the skins uneven and face wrinkles skin and no makeup after makeup.
    • Use a moisturizer, but oil free. And for those whose skin is dry, use a simple moisturizer.
    • There is no primer pair to protect and prolong makeup from melting. Rub in the face with a small amount in your hand; it will be advantageous to create a perfect base. You can order online MUA, elf primer, and primers available in the country include former, prestige primer. You will find Alma’s, paradise and former on the counters. And let’s not forget about the primer’s collection of shop décor.
    • It’s best to skip the summer foundation. Use BB Cream. If you must use the Oil Free Foundation. Dry skin holders use a little foundation with moisturizer. It prolongs coverage as well as makeup. Use it to set compact or face power. Cover the scalp with the consular. Finally, add another layer of powder with a brush to the t zone.
    • Use matte powder based eye shadow for eye makeup. For daylight use, pencil kajol and pencil eyeliner. To prevent the spread, lightly powder it. Mascara also has to be water proof. And a water proof eye liner for the night decoration. It will not be easy to sweat, but it will not ruin the eyes.
    • Heat matte lipstick is most convenient to use. Semi matte is not a problem, but it is better not to go out. After applying lipstick with a little powder, it will last for a long time.
    • Also use powder-based blushes for blushing. Choose matte bronzer for contouring.
    • Finally use the makeup setting spray. If the setting is not sprayed then spray a little rose water as it works to set makeup in almost the same way.
    • Avoid touching facial skin by hand after finishing makeup. When the sweat is wiped gently with tissue. Makeup will start to deteriorate if rubbed.
    • Whenever you feel like you are sweating and when makeup is melting, gently wipe with tissue and just wipe the sweat. Do the job carefully. Always keep tissue in the bag when it comes out.
    • Avoid heavy makeup during the day if you do not need it too much. Because the more makeup you do in the summer, the more likely it is to lose.

    Always try to make the makeup last longer, especially during the day, as much as possible using oil free and water proof makeup. There is no alternative to this. As much as you can go from face to face, to kajal, mascara, lipstick. Then, after makeup, the skin becomes darker. If the pigment and moisturizer in the base you are using for makeup cannot be mixed with your skins natural oils for some reason, it reacts with the skin oil, which in turn makes your skin look black.

    Minerals in the foundation that oxidize makeup by interacting with the skin are metal oxide, titanium dioxide, iron oxide and zinc oxide. Make up can help to hide dead skin of your face temporary.

  • 6 Things to Consider Before You Buy the Dog

    If you want to buy a healthy dog, the first thing that you need to do is look for a reputable pet breeder, rescue center, or pet store. Many other people claim they can help you. Do not believe that. You may end up with a sick pet or lose your money. Other than a pet reliable seller, you need to get advice from your vet from day one. Never ignore whatever he or she tells about your pet because you need to make the best decision. Here are some of the most important things that you should consider when buying or adopting your pet.

    Right Teeth

    Ensure you buy a dog with the right types of teeth. They should also be healthy. Without this, your dog may not be able to eat well, which may hurt his lifespan.

    Ask your vet is they look okay. Remember, gum diseases often cause problems on the teeth of our four-legged friends. Adults face the greatest risk. Fortunately, these diseases are highly preventable. If you find a few issues, consider if you can take him for a professional dental cleaning. The general rule is that you should not take a dog that has no healthy teeth if you are looking for one that you can take good care of for several years.

    Proper Vaccination Schedules

    You need to keep up with the vaccination schedule of your dog. When you are welcoming a new one at home, be sure the former owner did the needful. For you to confirm this, look at his medical records. However, if you rescued him and did not have these pieces of information, ask your vet to evaluate whether the dog has all his vaccinations or suggest alternative remedies.

    Suitable Weight

    The weight of your dog may also determine whether he is healthy or not. The age of the pet should decide on his exact weight. The big challenge is that every breed is different; there is no obvious answer to the precise weight of your preferred dog. If your breed one of those that are prone to arthritis, heart disease, and other similar health conditions, you need to ask your vet whether the weight can cause some problems in the future.

    Lovely Behavior

    As we have seen, when you buy a dog, you are adding a new member to your family. The way he behaves will determine whether you will lead a happy and peaceful life with him. Do not forget that you can train your dog to become obedient. So, if everything else is okay, but you are only concerned about the bad behavior, you do not have to fear. Take your time and train him. You can visit http://www.canineclubgetaway.com/best-dog-shock-collar and choose one of the best, tested, and trusted dog shock collars. Note that you can use it to change the habits of your lovely pet. 

    Cost of Routine Treatment

    Diseases can make your life quite challenging, especially if you lack the right preparation. That is the reason you must choose a healthy pet from your reputable dog seller. If you want one that has been properly vaccinated, you reduce this risk. However, you still need routine tests to be able to protect their health altogether. 

    Ask your vet about the cost of these treatments. Remember, you may need to conduct specialized exams as well to be able to prevent diseases when things are still manageable. Understand each fee and ensure you have the money that is needed. This way, you will enhance the life of the pet and guarantee yourself some incredible peace of mind.

    Flea medication

    You mustn’t forget about fleas. This is a prevalent external parasite that can cause many skin diseases as well as anemia, but many new pet owners tend to ignore it. Fleas are often a severe menace during the fall and summer. They can also be spread to people and cause diseases such as bubonic plague in humans. Due to this, assess if the pet is already manifested before you buy it. Remember, you can prevent and treat fleas’ infestation at any time despite its unpleasing impact. 

    Final Thoughts

     Pet owners are always careful to ensure their pets do not suffer from unnecessary health problems. As a new pet parent, you should do more due diligence than the veterans. Your pet is part of your family and needs regular trips to your vet. This begins from the first day because you want to limit the number of times you will be making calls due to diseases. You need to get the most from those visits. For that to happen, ensure you ask the right questions. Besides, you need to do this at the right time. Buy a healthy dog, and you will enjoy the company of your new family member. 


  • 4 Types of Mice & How to Trap Them

    Post Image

    Types of Mice

    mice types

    1. Dumbo Rex Rats

    Dumbos аrе already inсrеdiblу аdоrаblе аnimаlѕ. These rаtѕ just mаkе уоu fаll hеаd оvеr heels. But whеn уоu аdd the insanely сutе rеx coat, thеу bесоmе truly irrеѕiѕtiblе pets. This раrtiсulаr duо of gеnеѕ рrоduсеѕ thе bеѕt variety fоr winning оvеr even thе most extreme rаt haters.

    A dumbо rexed rаt iѕ a rat thаt not оnlу has аdоrаblе rоundеd dumbо еаrѕ, but a luѕсiоuѕ curly rеx соаt tоо. Rеx rаtѕ саn hаvе diffеrеnt tуреѕ оf fur, depending оn whеthеr thеу are gооd оr lоw quality rexes.

    The ears of a dumbo аrе lоw ѕеt on the sides of the hеаd, and are muсh mоrе rounded (аnd аrе lаrgеr) thаn thе еаrѕ оf a standard еаrеd rаt. It isn’t a “dilutiоn gеnе” еithеr. Thе rаt is еithеr bоrn a dumbo оr it is nоt.

    Rexes оn thе other hаnd, they саn vary bеtwееn a nice, high ԛuаlitу, tightlу сurlеd coat аll thе wау down tо a fluffу, рооrlу kinkеd rex coat. It’s аll a mаttеr оf brееding аnd gеnеtiсѕ.

    A rex rаt has a ѕресiаl gene that саn bе dilutеd, оr strengthened; depending оn whаt you аrе trуing tо ассоmрliѕh. Gеnеrаllу, rеx rаtѕ will hаvе a thiсk, full, luѕсiоuѕ соаt thаt iѕ niсеlу аnd evenly kinked (thеу саn соmе in a widе vаriеtу оf rat соаt varieties аnd соlоrѕ аѕ well). Okау- maybe that’s show ѕtаndаrd. And, thаt is ԛuitе hаrd tо ассоmрliѕh. What a реt ԛuаlitу rеx will lооk like iѕ a bit more оf a рооr rеx. Gеnеrаllу, breeders don’t ѕеnd thе rеаllу wеll rеxеd ratties оff intо реt hоmеѕ. Instead, they usually mаkе thеir way to оthеr ratteries оr thеу will stay at thе rаttеrу thеу wеrе bоrn in. A рооr rеx will hаvе ѕоmе kinkу curls, but thеу wоn’t be vеrу tight or unifоrm.

    2. Wооd Mоuѕе  

    (Sсiеntifiс Name: AроdеmuѕSуlvаtiсuѕ)

    What ѕераrаtеѕ this species frоm thе fiеld mouse iѕ thеir diѕtinсtivе nоѕе ѕhаре referred to аѕ Rоmаn nоѕе. Thеѕе rоdеntѕ аrе соmmоnlу fоund in Africa and Eurоре аnd аrе muсh rеlаtеd tо field miсе. Their natural habitats аrе deciduous wооdlаnd, urban gаrdеnѕ, grаѕѕlаnd, mixed fоrеѕt, аnd аrаblе land.

    Evеn thоugh thеѕе реѕtѕ are not frеquеntlу found in rеѕidеntiаl аrеаѕ, thеу have a rерutаtiоn оf еаting grains аnd оthеr types of сrорѕ. Thеу аrе such a nuiѕаnсе to hаvе аrоund уоur hоuѕеhоld (whеn thеу dо get in) especially if уоu hаvе a lot оf stuff in it. These rоdеntѕ will ѕurеlу gо thrоugh аll your stuff аnd destroy whаtеvеr thеу саn get their hаndѕ on. Dеfinitеlу nоt thе kind оf аnimаl thаt уоu wаnt roaming around thе house.


    • Thiѕ rоdеnt hаѕ a ѕаndу brоwn fur соаting thаt iѕ slightly dаrkеr towards thе spine.
    • Thеу have a white оr grау colored undеrѕidе.
    • Thе аvеrаgе ѕizе оf thiѕ rоdеnt iѕ around 3 tо 4 inсhеѕ аnd thе tаil bеing 2.7 tо 3.7 inсhеѕ.
    • Thе female саn bеаr fоur littеrѕ a уеаr, еасh соntаining 4 tо 7 уоung оnеѕ.
    • Cаn multiрlу rарidlу whеn thеrе is рlеntiful fооd.

    3. Roof  Rаt

    (Scientific Nаmе: Rаttuѕ Rаttuѕ) 

    Nоtоriоuѕ fоr living in proximity tо humans, the rооf rat will likеlу gо whеrеvеr thеrе аrе fооd and ѕhеltеr. Also knоwn as a black rаt аnd fruit rаt, thеѕе rоdеntѕ uѕuаllу inhаbit рlасеѕ like сеilingѕ, attics, and wаll areas. They саn аlѕо thrivе in top аrеаѕ of dоmеѕtiс properties аnd hаvе a rерutаtiоn fоr causing еlесtriсаl оutаgеѕ аnd firеѕ bу gnаwing оn wirеѕ.

    Thе rооf rаt reproduces аrоund 3 tо 4 times еvеrу year аnd has 4 tо 8 pups реr littеr. The gеѕtаtiоn реriоd is 22 dауѕ and can brееd in every season indооrѕ. These rаtѕ rеасh ѕеxuаl maturity in 2 tо 3 months аnd саn livе uр tо 1 уеаr.

    Diѕtinguiѕhing Fеаturеѕ:

    • The аvеrаgе roof rat mеаѕurеѕ аrоund 6 tо 8 inches in lеngth.
    • Thеir tаil ranges from 7 tо 10 inсhеѕ in length, which iѕ longer thаn thеir bоdу.
    • Thеir еаrѕ are rеlаtivеlу small, and they hаvе lаrgе and рrоminеnt еуеѕ.
    • They uѕuаllу have black or brоwniѕh-grеу соlоr that’s hаrd tо distinguish.

    4. Multimаmmаtе Rat

    (Mаѕtоmуѕ Natalensis)

    Alѕо knоwn as:  African Soft-Furred Rаt, Natal Rаt

    A nеw species to the реt scene thаt iѕ nоt trulу a mouse, but they аrе ѕmаll and mouse-like, ѕо I tend to rеblоg рhоtоѕ оf thеm whеn thеу рор uр.  Originаting in Afriса, they began tо bе bred bу humans as ѕnаkе food for certain breeds оf python, аѕ these were their nаturаl fооdѕ аnd соаxеd рiсkу ѕnаkеѕ tо еаt bеttеr.  Bесаuѕе оf their сutе fасеѕ аnd soft fur, many реорlе began аttеmрting to dоmеѕtiсаtе thеm fоr реtѕ.

    Nаtаl rаtѕ аrе larger than mice – ѕоmеwhеrе between аn Engliѕh type hоuѕе mouse аnd a ѕmаll Nоrwау rаt, and hаvе mоuѕе-likе narrow faces with lаrgе еуеѕ аnd еаrѕ set vеrу fаr uр on the head.  Thеir mоѕt diѕtinguiѕhing feature are thеir mаnу, many mammary glands (11 pairs!) whiсh givе thеm thеir nаmе.

    These are thе mоѕt соmmоn types оf rоdеntѕ fоund in hоuѕеhоldѕ аnd can саuѕе infеѕtаtiоnѕ. Even thоugh thеrе аrе оthеr different species of mice ѕuсh аѕ mеаdоw-jumрing, whitе-fооtеd, Afriсаn-руgmу, Northwestern dееr, Eurаѕiаn harvest miсе, еtс. thеу’rе nоt knоwn to invаdе hоuѕеhоldѕ.

    Whаt’ѕ thе Best Wау to Trар Thеm?

    Thеѕе реѕtѕ аrе quitе hаrd tо catch if you dоn’t have аnу рriоr еxреriеnсе but уоu саn аlwауѕ rеlу оn mоuѕе trарѕ tо gеt thе jоb done fоr уоu. That’s the one thing that thеѕе littlе ѕuсkеrѕ always fall fоr, a gооd bait. So, if уоu have a dесеnt trар that уоu саn use tо саtсh thеѕе реѕtѕ then аll уоu need tо knоw iѕ whаt kind of bаit to use to lure thеm in whiсh we will tаlk аbоut on thiѕ article.

    If you want to learn more about how to trap rats, Wave Pest is definitely the right place for you.

  • 7 Reputable Pet Sellers in America

    A majority of people love pets. Well, according to the American Pets product Association (APPA) about 70% of American households have pets. However, getting a well-bred pet can be a daunting task. The reason is that some pet mills have inhumane breeding conditions.

    It is therefore imperative that you take extra caution when buying pets and ensure you do due diligence before making the purchase.  Some places have a restriction on certain pet breeds and sizes. More importantly, ensure that the breeders have a health clearance and recognized pet organizations such as by American Kennel Club (AKC).

    It is also prudent to ensure that you ensure that you are well aware of pet health, training, affordability, and regulations. More importantly, ensure you are conversant with pet purchase process.

    Basically, you can either buy a pet from:

    • Pet Breeders
    • Rescue centers
    • Pet stores

    We have gathered reputable places to buy pets in the list below to help you narrow down the options and make the process a breeze. Without much further ado, below are the best places you can buy pets.


    Petsmart is the biggest pets store in North America. With more 1600 stores it offers a myriad of pets’ selection including fish, birds, guinea pigs, and reptiles. They also sell dog grooming and training services. What’s more, is that they offer daycare and boarding facilities for cats and dogs.

    Petsmart even has a partnership with local shelters and rescues to help willing owners find pets to adopt in their areas. In fact, they have spaces in their stores to help adoptable pets find homes.

    So far, they have saved over 8 million pets through adoption.

    Baycrest Akita

    Baycrest Akita is dog breeding facility located in Maryland. They sell puppies only to homes qualified for lifetime rearing. They boast of producing tip-top quality dogs for more than 20 years. In fact, they have won several awards and championships including Award for Merit and Best in Sociality Show Winners. Bay Crest Akitas have been able to dogs with a strong Akita type, mostly containing Japanese Akita Pedigree.

    These breeders produce healthy dogs through selective breeding. Puppies are not always available. In fact, they do breeding on limited bases.  The good news is that they always show available puppies on their website.

    Farmhouse Hounds

    Farmhouse Hounds are reputable dogs’ breeders. They have been breeding basset hounds for more 40 years. According to information on their website, their pets are playful and well tempered. Farmhouse Hounds Basset Hounds undergo through health clearances. The hounds are bred from America bred bassets and Championship European dogs. The breeders are located in Jasper, Georgia.

    Legend Bichons

    Legend Bichons are located in California.  Their dogs are bred from championship line are popular for breeding WKC championship and certified therapy dogs. Before breeding, the dogs undergo all necessary before breeding. Legend Bichons has a reputation for breeding quality dogs. They are getting as merit breeder by AKC. Similarly, Legend Bichons are certified by Bichon Frise Club of America.  If you plan to buy a dog pet in California, we would recommend Legend Bichons.

    Sierra Fish and Pets

    Sierra Fish is a store that sells fish, birds and reptile pets. The store was established in 1972 and is based in Seattle, Washington. In addition, it provides an array of pet supplies. Before you keep a fish pet, ensure you are well conversant with how to keep it. You can learn how to keep Auratus Cichlid fish here.

    CTC Aussies

    CTC Aussies is an AKC breeder of merit-based in Washington. Their dogs excel in performance and conformation.  Western Washington Shepherd Association and United States Australian Shepherd Association recognize CTC Aussies breeder. The rather small breeder prides itself in quality earning ASCA DNA certification. Their dogs are registered with both AKC bad ASCA.

    To prove their commitment to quality, they have an annual eye examination by CERF as well as HSF6 and MDRA gene mutation.  All adult dogs hips are rated “good” by OFA.CTC Aussies only sell their puppies in face to face transaction. Therefore, you should be prepared to make plans to see the puppies. The arrangements are made after they review your puppy questionnaire and ascertain if they have a puppy that will make a suitable match for you.

    Midway Tropical Fish

    Midway tropical fish is a pet store that offers fish as well as cats and dogs. They also stock pet supplies. The pet store is located In Kent, Washington. They have a wide variety of tropical freshwater fish. They also have a decent selection of salty water fish all which come at affordable prices. However, keeping fish pets has its own problems. Here are the 5 common Aquarium problems you may experience.

    Final Word

    Finding a reputable breeder or store to buy pet can sometimes turn to be overwhelming. With this list, you can rest assured the whole process will be a walk in the park. Try these breeders and stores, and you will be glad you did.


  • 5 Solid Reasons Why Investing in P2P Loans for Raising Pets Is a Good Thing

    You were probably a professional veterinarian and maybe thought it was time you start investing in raising pets.

    And perhaps, you don’t have enough capital to get started. So, you are thinking of getting help from one of the lending platforms to boost your new business.

    You want something that will steer you to put up with your new business and not something to defer your plans. Well, the good news is that you can secure P2P loans to get you started.

    But, what is P2P lending really?

    Peer to peer (P2P) lending is a form of borrowing from individuals without using traditional banks or credit unions. In other words, it’s social lending where individuals can borrow from each other.

    If you want to apply for loans to raise your pets, then Peer to Peer lending can be the best decision you should make, especially if you’re tired of standard investment rates that pay peanuts.

    Even though P2P lending may come with lots of risks than any other lending platforms, you’re assured of higher returns than you can ever imagine.

    However, it’s essential that you first understand how peer to peer lending works before making hasty decisions.

    So, in this post, I’ll make you understand why  P2P loans can be the best investment for raising your pets.

    But first, let’s see how peer to peer loans works and what it’s all about:

    How P2P Investment Loans Works

    Typically, peer-to-peer lending platform brings peers together to perform transactions on both ends.

    While most borrowers meet to apply for loans, investors also meet to ensure high returns are secured on their investment capital.

    The good news is that P2P loans offer lower interest rates compared to other traditional banks.

    Surprisingly, the interest earned by P2P investors is way too high than what they would have made from investing in a certified bank.

    But, that isn’t to say that P2P investment process doesn’t involve bank at all; it may still use a bank as supervisor to administer each loan awarded.

    In addition to this, there’s a criterion you’ll need to follow for you to become part of the P2P investors.

    For instance, you may need to have a good credit score on some sites, which means you must meet particular net worth or have a stiff income.

    However, this not only operates on P2P platforms but also on other traditional banks where meeting specific requirements are mandatory.

    Having said all that, I bet you now understand what P2P is all about. So very quickly let’s dive into the reasons why investing in P2P loans in raising your pets is a good thing:

    Reasons Why Investing in P2P Loans Is a Good Thing

    1. Getting Started is Quick and Easy

    It’s everyone wish to become a successful investor, but most develop cold feet after realizing how complicated it is.

    For example, if you may want to try your luck in raising pets, you’ll have to understand the market, and know more about the business you’re about to invest in.

    Even though you need to be knowledgeable before investing in P2P loans, it doesn’t mean you have to be a business guru to get started – it’s very easy!

    2. You Don’t Need Much Starting Capital

    With the current lifestyle, investment has turned out to be an American dream. This is because most dreams are shattered due to lack of starting capital – you need a ton of money to begin an investment.

    However, you don’t have to fret because, with P2P loans, you can invest with as low as $1, giving you the opportunity of testing the waters before you can make a significant decision.

    3. It’s a Safe Place to Save Your Money than a Savings Account

    Things are much different from P2P loans. Unlike savings account where you keep your money for a specific agreed term only to offer you lower interests, P2P loans will save you a lot.

    Come to think of it; you’re losing lots of money keeping your money in the bank as there is always inflation every time.

    To make it worse, you can’t access your money before the end of the contract, which means you’ll be caught pants down in case of emergencies. So, this is where P2P investment can help you a long way.

    4. P2P Borrowers’ Gains aren’t Taxed Heavily

    Just as said earlier, individuals meet together and borrow loans from each other. If you need more information, the author from myinstantoffer.loan has written lots of related posts. Check them out.

    What I’m I trying to say? P2P lending taxes are close to nothing because P2P investment is covered with personal savings allowance.

    5. It’s a Great Way to Prepare for Retirement

    This is the time you should be enjoying your good old days with your loved ones. But, it can be more enjoyable if you had some savings to take you through during your pension-life period.

    Imagine how stressful it is to retire and at the same time to try to fight hardship that would have been dealt with years back?

    You don’t have to be a victim of this anymore. That’s why you need to take care of your retirement situation as early as now so that by the time you’re above the age of 70, you’re good to go.

    Over To You

    With the above guidelines, I hope you’re at the right place and that you’ve got the answers to your questions.

    Whether jobless, or approaching retirement, or maybe, you’re looking forward to starting up a pet business, you don’t have to fret because P2P loans will solve your problems.

    What are you waiting for? The time to start investing in P2P is now. Don’t wait until it’s too late!

  • All You Need To Know About Substrate System

    In nature aquarium, a substrate is the most essential element. It provides an area for aquatic plants to spread their roots. Unlike in the past, thriving aquarium are commonplace thanks to technological advancements such as lighting systems and CO2 systems.

    A substrate system is an environment where roots of plans coexist with microorganisms in a mutually beneficial relationship. This system is an important substrate in which aquatic plants grow roots. The substrate system consists of nutrients, soil, and microorganism. A good example is ADA substrate system.

    The nutrients are essential to the plant’s roots and promote microorganism development. Microorganisms decompose organic substance into minerals.  The plants use the minerals as nutrients.  Solid features such as gravity and hummus provide a suitable environment for the growth of aquatic plants’ roots.

    A substrate is an important requirement in long term maintenance of aquarium balance. The plants absorb nutrients from the soil and the fish breath oxygen produced by plants during photosynthesis. The substrates also get their fertility from fish excretion.

    Building a substrate system

    Before building a substrate system, there are several things you should know. You can enhance aquatic plants growth using powder substrate type. This type is added on top of normal soil. It is also advisable to keep the substrate warm. If the aquatic plants are not growing well due to low temperature it is prudent that you install a heater in the substrate system.

    During the initial stage, water tends to get discolored and cloudy quite more often at this stage. You should therefore change it quite regularly.

    It is imperative that you add nutrients additive to your substrate system. After keeping the substrate for a long time, nutrients get become depleted. Additives such as Multi Bottom replenish the nutrients in the system.

    It is worth noting that you should only acquire products for sustaining the living organisms from reputable stores. More important you should learn how to keep fish in aquarium.

    Basically, a substrate is a layer or substance where a process occurs. In an aquarium, the substrate system includes materials used to make an aquascape base layer. In the recent past, establish manufacturer have released in the market products that enhance plants growth. The two main types of substrates are

    1. Complete substrate- This substrate is added into an aquarium. It comes ready for planting
    2. Compound substrate – It requires capping

    Uses of Substrate

    What are the uses of substrates?

    • Substrates store and supply vital nutrients and minerals
    • They harbor beneficial bacteria
    • They provide support to roots
    • They are a natural decorative layer

    Examples of Substrate materials in the market include:

    The beneficial bacteria break down excess food, plants and fish waste into useful nitrates for the plants. With an excellent substrate system, the process takes place at an optimum rate. The system also minimizes compaction in the aquarium bed as well as reducing movement of nutrient-rich water. Ultimately, it prevents a build-up of hydrogen Sulphide pockets which are hazardous to both plants and fish. Suitable substrates should draw nutrients from the water column and thus helping to rejuvenate the substrate layer. This also gives substrate longer life.

    Complete substrates

    There are various types of complete substrates. One of the most common is ADA Aqua Soil. You simply pour this substrate in the tank and plant. Ammonia spike present for the first 2-3 weeks feed bacteria.

    Compound substrates such as Tropical have produced fantastic results. There is a slight difference between the use of complete substrate and compound substrate. In a compound substrate, a thick layer of substrates is added on top of the aquarium base. The layer may be much denser at the back of the aquarium. Lime free gravel is the place on top to prevent the substrate from cloudness the aquarium water column. A shallow column of gravel can be used at the tank from for aesthetic purpose.

    Substrate system set up

    In an aquarium substrate system, substrates layer thicker at the back of the tank. Decorative sand is used at the front to enhance visual appeal. It also increases the surface area of the aquarium base creating more planting area.

    Several substrate additives are added to the substrate layer to help the aquarium in different ways.

    While gravel is a substrate, it is not recommendable to use it solely in a planted tank. Using various sizes of gravel creates a natural effect.


    A high-quality substrate requires minimal maintenance. You only need to vacuum once in a week to remove additional detritus and also rake the sand to ensure it stays clean and fresh.

  • Why you should choose a Trimless Aquarium: Pros and Cons

    An aquarium trim is usually a black plastic running at the top and bottom of an aquarium tank. Trimless tanks do not have a trim. Instead, they have a thick glass to withstand pressure from the water tank and comply with set technical safety standards. A trimless tank is made entirely of glass and silicon materials.

    Unlike a braced aquarium, trimless aquarium doesn’t have a brace. As a result, it appears cleaner no wonder most people nowadays prefer trimless fish tanks. There have been numerous innovations in the aquarium industry recently. You easily can find awesome rimless fish tanks in 2019 in the market. Consequently, braces on fish tanks, especially the smaller ones, are no longer useful.

    Nowadays, trimless aquariums are the standard of aquarium tanks. They offer high clarity of marine, reef, and planted aquarium. With a myriad of varieties, you can easily get an innovative and fresh size and depth. Regardless of the size, you can rest assured that you will have an aquarium that offers unmatched panoramic display. Additionally, trimless aquariums have no canopy. Therefore they have a sense of simplicity.

    Advantages of Trimless aquarium

    The major advantage of a trimless aquarium is their clean look. You can clearly see the water line. Well, this essentially makes one appreciate the aquarium is a water environment. Trims block the view of the waterline hence constantly creating an artificial feel. The waterline makes it more natural. Trimless tanks that have installed lighting systems add a stylish look to your home décor. We recommend a glass that has high light transmission to make the natural colors in the aquarium tanks look sharper.

    There is a myriad of stupendous trimless tanks in the market. Some come with additional glass to add glamour to the color clarity of fish as they swim inside the man-made habitat. A trimless aquarium does not use canopies. Therefore you can easily access the top of the aquarium tank. Look from above the tank provides an exquisite view.


    Lack of canopy can turn out to be problematic, especially if you keep jumping fish. Imagine waking up one day only to find plants in your aquarium staring at you? You can solve the problem by installing a screen on top of the tank. However, it would affect the initial purpose of choosing a trimless aquarium, which is their looks.

    If you have salty water in your aquarium, it starts to form salt creep along the waterline, which is not appealing to the eye.

    With a trimless aquarium, there is a possibility of water slosh over the tank edges when handling the tank, even when you have fresh water.

    Why Choose a Trimless aquarium

    Now that we have a pretty good idea of the pros and cons of this aquarium system let us explore its use and ideal owner.

    The trimless aquarium is suitable for people who fancy aesthetics. It is also not suitable if you keep fish that jump inside the aquarium tank. It is, however, suitable for extremely careful people, especially when dealing with tanks to prevent water sloshing over. Otherwise, you will have to be very patient with water spills. With a trim, the water does not drip as much from the tank brace.

    Trimless aquarium sizes

    The sizes of aquarium tanks vary significantly. Some of the most common sizes include cube trimless size and nano trimless aquarium

    Cube trimless aquarium

    These tanks come in handy if you have a tight space. It is suitable for keeping fish such as Betta fish and other livestock.  Whether you are an experienced or newbie hobbyist, it will offer an excellent beginning or extra collection of aquariums.

    Nano Trimless aquarium

    This is a modification of standard size aquariums. Nano tanks offer a small but deep perspective display as you watch aquarium life of small fish species come into life.

    Long Trimless aquarium

    They offer bigger horizontal grounds and longer layout. It offers a sleek, panoramic, and clear view.

    Standard trimless aquarium

    Most aquariums are found in this category. The size ranges from 10 gallons to 100-gallon tanks. The standard aquarium offers a unique way to introduce aquarium in any space.

    Most aquarium trims do not come with preinstalled accessories such as a heater, filter system, and lights. Trimless tanks are therefore suitable for aquarium owners who wish to accessorize the tanks on their own.

    Trimless tanks are designed with safety at the back of the mind. The size varies depending on different needs. It is also worth noting that the thicker the glass used to make the aquarium tank the more costly the tank is.

    You can also choose to have a custom made trimless aquarium with extra features such as a cabinet.

  • All You Need To Know About Keeping Auratus Cichlid Fish

    Old days :

    The fishes of the Cichlid family was previously known as Boulenger in 1897.


    These fishes are native of Lake Malawi in Africa.

    Between Jalo Reef and Crocodile Rocks was the habitat of these. This area was made Monkey Bay, where they come in search of food. Algae found in this area is a rich source of protein for them.


    The male fishes are larger than females. The body is shaped such that to provide extra speed and power to them. Their face is shaped so that the can easily get algae. Female juveniles are more colorful than males.

    The body is of yellow colored with stripes. Fin has the same color as the body. The back of the fish is black, white and yellow the same as the color of Pelvic. The caudal din is also yellow.

    The 5cm young males are black colored with some white colored design. The caudal fin is also black.

    Sexual makeup:

    As discussed earlier female are more colorful than males but males are big in size with some yellow colored eggs on the back fin.


    Robust, are very violent and intolerant as they cannot face anyone who looks like them. It is considered as a killer. For keeping them, specific tanks are to be used like more than 1000 liters as they are very violent and do not support any other alike near them. In comparison, female are opposite and can live better with others. Females live in clusters as the male harasses them.


    In order to make them live in better condition, it is suggested to use a minimum 500 liters tank. In 500 liters, one male and 3-4 female can live in freestyle.


    The tanks are to be decorated with rocks from their natural habitat. This enables the species to live freely and special territory should be made for the males where they may take refuge.

    There should be a proper system to filter the tank water. The pump is recommended for this purpose that is responsible for aeration and mixing of water. Blue foam loaves are usually used.

    The water of Tank:

    For them to live with their full power, it is highly needed to maintain the environment in an aquarium as it is the Lake of Malawi. For making water according to the lake of Malawi the pH of it is to be kept above 7.5 and the temperature to be maintained between 24-26°C. the water is also needed to be changed frequently for the proper maintenance of nitrate. Appropriate sunlight is also needed for the production of algae the is consumed by them.


    During the incubation period, the female does not eat. Males attract the females to their territory where she can lay eggs and keep in her mouth for 3 weeks of incubation. So it is highly advised to shift the female to appropriate tank at the time of incubation. There is no chance for Melanochromis auratus in a community. Melanochromis do not form a permanent pair.


    First, it advised to not to feed the fished too much.  A vegetable diet is recommended or sometimes beef. But fats in beef can sometimes be dangerous as they can be accumulated in the liver. A homemade diet with chopped muscle and fish meat along with peas and packed in portions and then freeze are highly beneficial. Multivitamins solution can also be included in diet 4-5 time a fortnightly is also good.

    So for the full characteristics of Auratus Cichlid fish the vegetable diet, temperature of water between 24-26°C and pH bit above 7.5 is recommended. When the male becomes aggressive towards the female in incubation period it is advised to remove one to them.

  • 5 Common Problems In Your Aquarium

    1. Water Color

    Green water, a typical issue in aquariums. The water gets this shade because of the fact that there are green growth suspended in the water. The green growth proliferate by an abundance of daylight and on the grounds that they have the essential supplements to develop.

    The speedy arrangement is to utilize a clarifier, this item will make any suspended particles precipitate at the base of the aquarium.

    2. Smelly Water

    Issues in aquariums: smells in the water. The smell of the water is a typical issue in new or exceedingly populated aquariums. If you have too many fish or you have fish too huge for the aquarium that you at present have, you ought to consider purchasing or make a bigger aquarium.

    3. Distorted Water

    Turbid water or darker water can be found in aquariums that utilizes regular wood as a major aspect of their design.

    For this situation, the solution is somewhat an anticipation. if you need to utilize regular wood as an improving component of your aquarium, remember that it must be appropriate for the aquarium, no wood fills in as they can change the water parameters.

    4. High ammonia levels

    In taking good care of aquarium, controlling ammonia levels is most challenging and important task to do.  It is a toxic substance that causes harms to fish eben can be fatal. Due to some particular behavior of fish, we experience the high concentration of ammonia in aquarium.  But the problem is that it cannot be seen with naked eye. With change water color, the toxic level of ammonia is measured. The test kit is the most accurate method of measuring ammonia level.

    5. Discontinuous growth of algae

    All the algae are harmful for aquarium. But it’s some species can cause even death of fish. They have a continuous growth process in decorations and landscapes of the aquarium due to number of contributing factors.

  • Want to have a Planted Nano Tank?

    These Nano tanks are small and are easy to make. They comprises usually less than 5 gallons. These tanks are perfect for the people having limited space, initiating fish tanks or people with limited amount of money to maintain larger tanks.


    Rinse the item to be utilized for a planted Nano tank with warm water and afterward given it a chance to dry all around. Try not to utilize synthetics or cleanser on it.

    Rinse the substrate. With better substrate, put it on a fabric and after that run the water over it. This ought to be finished with around 1 cup of the substrate at any given moment. The granulated substrate, rock, and shakes can be placed in a colander and washed in the sink. Wash once more. The substrate must be free of soil and residue that has been gathered.

    Empty the substrate into the tank and spread it until it is visually engaging you. Much of the time, filling the tank a fourth of the way might be sufficient.

    Tank Apparatus

    Build up a tank design. The structure incorporates objects you have to purchase – for example, plants and decorations (for instance, bits of wood) – and how to manage them (first or second floor).

    Put the non-living things in the tank.

    Introduce the channel (optional). Most channels are supported on the highest point of the tank with a little suction tube set in the water.

    Cautiously empty the water into the tank. Water can be bought at the store or from the tap. Gradually pour the water to abstain from lifting the rock and harming the landscapes. This can be best accomplished by abating pouring it over a dull shaded embellishment so you can scatter the water around it.